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England: The Getting Building Fund

04 August 2020

The Government has released details of hundreds of projects which will be supported by the £900 million Getting Building Fund in England, including housing development, regeneration schemes, education and healthcare projects. The projects will be delivered through LEPs and details can be found on the GOV.UK website.

Secretariat - Alice De Soer

31 July 2020

Alice De Soer is leaving the Secretariat at the end of Friday, 31st July. 

We thank her for her work in that capacity over the years, for which she was recognised by the award of the CAAV’s Kenneth Glenny Prize in 2015, and wish her well for the future.

Calls and e-mails regarding her work areas should come to the Secretariat at Harts Barn Farmhouse.

Consideration is being given to the skills and dispositions that might now be needed in the Secretariat.


Jeremy's Blog 30th July 2020: Agricultural Policy in England

31 July 2020

Jeremy's Blog 30th July 2020

The New Agricultural Policy in England is Coming

This article by Jeremy Moody first appeared in the CAAV e-Briefing of 30/7/20

The reality of the new English agricultural policy, outside the EU, is imminent.  Ministers are adamant that the first cut in Basic Payment will start the transition period in 2021, seeing new policies phased in.   With more detail promised in an autumn statement, that seven year process was again outlined in the Government’s replies to the House of Lords Committee stage on the Agriculture Bill.   That reality, with much other prospective change, underlay the CAAV’s successful Business Review event on Monday.


DEFRA Minister, Lord Gardiner, set out the basic argument:

“While direct payments currently form an important contribution to income on many farms in England, we believe that they can hamper productivity growth in the agricultural sector. That is why, within the sum that will be released, that money will be diverted into countryside stewardship and productivity grants so that farmers can start, through their business interests, to take advantage of the money that will move from direct payments into these other areas of support.”  (House of Lords, 21st July, Cols 2083-84)

From 2021 productivity grants will aid equipment or infrastructure, adding value to existing products, creating new products or making products available directly to customers.  ELM and other schemes follow later.


Basic Payment is itself to change.  All greening, with crop diversification and EFAs, is now dropped for English 2021 applications with the money added to the Basic Payment.   Created as an environmental justification for the Basic Payment, essentially bearing on arable farmers, EU auditors reported in 2017 that “As currently implemented, it is unlikely to enhance the CAP’s environmental and climate performance significantly”, or justify the significant complexity added to the CAP.  England’s environmental emphasis is on Countryside Stewardship and the prospective ELM policy. 


Basic Payment is time-limited for England.  Lord Gardiner told the Lords that:

“When delinked payments are introduced, they will replace the current basic payment scheme entirely and for all farmers. The basic payment scheme and delinked payments cannot and will not coexist. … we may wish to move away from the current approach of making a single payment per year and issue payments more frequently instead” (21st July, Cols 2085-86)


Elsewhere, elections will see legislation for Wales after 2021 and for Northern Ireland after 2022.  Scotland, seeking to stay close to EU policies, may now consider whether it too will drop crop diversification.


With these changes now moving, businesses need to prepare.

National Food Strategy - Part One

29 July 2020

Part One of the National Food Strategy has been published and can be found at

Jeremy's Blog 23rd July 2020: Environmental Policy

24 July 2020

Jeremy's Blog 23/07/2020

Environmental Policy

This article by Jeremy Moody first appeared in the CAAV e-Briefing of 23rd July 2020

George Eustice, DEFRA Secretary of State, has consistently argued that the opportunity of Brexit is to “do policy better”.  As developing post-Brexit policies and the emerging post-Covid policies blend, he has now set this argument out for environmental policy.  Those concerned with the management of rural land should see the scale of the ambition for such issues as biodiversity, water quality and air quality.

Seeing the policies inherited from the EU as focused on preservation and protection, even the management of decline, he offered a new emphasis:

“But there is no point leaving the EU to keep everything the same. The old model has not stopped the decline in our natural world. We must therefore challenge ourselves to think creatively, to innovate and to consciously avoid clinging to processes and procedures just because they are familiar. On environmental policy, we can do better or differently …”

Still within the same high-level international conventions as the EU, the UK could now develop policies directly tailored to domestic circumstances, not compromises haggled in the EU’s Council of Ministers.  It need no longer be cautious about the legal risks of new initiatives or approaches as when trammelled by supra-national legislation, Commission supervision, EU auditors and penalties.  No longer able to hide behind EU law, this freedom to act would bring new responsibilities.

The ambition is that:

“if we really want to realise the aspirations that the public have for nature then we need policies that will not only protect but that will build back – with more diverse habitats that lead to a greater abundance of those species currently in decline”

with this change lying at the heart of the new farming policy, biodiversity net gain in planning and other initiatives.

With the Prime Minister’s “build, build, build” speech criticising “newt counting delays”, George Eustice proposed at least for England:

  • establishing “an accurate, centralised body of data on species populations”
  • then setting out which habitats and species were “off limit” and
  • “front load” ecological considerations into the planning system in a changed approach to environmental assessment and mitigation in the planning system.

The Environment Bill, with the Office for Environmental Protection, also brings the opportunity to set our own definitions of such international standards as the precautionary principle.  Such decisions, challenging the status quo, will frame policies, opportunities and land management for a generation.  This is definitely a space to be watched.

Jeremy's Blog 16/07/20 - Economics and taxation

17 July 2020

Jeremy's Blog 16/07/2020

Economics and Taxation

This article by Jeremy Moody first appeared in the CAAV e-Briefing of 16th July 2020.

We have this year seen parts of the modern economy unravel, enormous injections of public money to support continuity, the acceleration of business change and the possibility of working with virus restrictions for some time to come.  The response to that has been to focus on re-growing the economy and unlocking productivity improvement in the wider economy. 

With a probably smaller economy next year, there may be little scope for tax rises and perhaps less for further cuts in public spending to handle next year’s probable deficit.  Encouraging growth will need investment and innovation, using the currently low cost of finance.  Part of that will be the large and growing government infrastructure programme, improving connectivity and the earning capacity of the economy (with the associated compulsory purchase work).  Private business and investment will also be critical in what will be needed for the economy and for climate change. 

This week has seen a knee jerk response to the announcement of the Office of Tax Simplification’s review of Capital Gains Tax, its first specific review of CGT in its 10 years of work.  It follows a review of Inheritance Tax which began in January 2018 and looks like a routine process for a tax with complexities that, much changed over the years, has perhaps never really found its shape.  The CAAV will be submitting evidence and the review seems unlikely to report before well into next year.   

Like Inheritance Tax, CGT’s yield of £9bn (1 per cent of tax receipts) is small beside the issues at stake, but its influence on investment by unincorporated businesses and individuals is substantial.  The headline rate of 20 per cent is near to that thought to maximise revenue, so increasing the rate would risk reducing disposals and tax revenue, friction for an economy that needs to change.  It seems at least as plausible that this announcement is timed to prompt disposals to drive activity than that it is a “starting pistol” for tax rises.

The flexibility allowing the new economy to emerge could require radical change, with some of the first signs of that with the changes coming to development control policy in England.  Farming will see change driven by the loss of Basic Payment and possible trade pressure.  The Treasury can earn more money and achieve more economic change if CGT does not stand in the way of the associated transactions.  Those gains could be worth more than an apparent general increase in CGT. 


Jeremy's Blog 9th July 2020: Dispute Resolution

10 July 2020

This article by Jeremy Moody first appeared in the CAAV e-Briefing of 9th July 2020.

Much of members’ work is about advising and negotiating for parties to achieve an agreement.  Sometimes it needs a third party to help them or to decide the matter.  That is dispute resolution.  That help may come from early neutral evaluation or from a mediator; the answer may come from an expert or an arbitrator.
With the Agriculture Bill’s proposal for the President of the CAAV to have statutory status for tenancy arbitration appointments in England and Wales, encouraged by the views of farming and landowning organisations, we have used much time this spring to develop the CAAV’s approach to dispute resolution in general as:

  • broader than arbitration, covering all approaches
  • broader than agricultural tenancies, across the rural economy
  • broader than England and Wales, across the United Kingdom

This is not only about those resolving disputes but also those advising parties, advocates and expert witnesses, and, prior to that, those in negotiations, all acting as professionals to help businesses and people find answers that allow life to move on.
However and prompted by the immediate need to respond to the Bill, the CAAV has been looking particularly at refreshing arbitration, to ensure it is held in proper regard as a means to help parties have matters settled.
Yesterday’s CAAV Council, with 51 members in a Zoom call for 6 hours, approved the results of that work, including:

  • the CAAV Dispute Resolution Charter
  • Appropriate Arbitration, setting out the CAAV’s approach and the tools that an arbitrator can have under the relevant Arbitration Act to act robustly to reach a fair, timely and cost-effective answer
  • now asking for applications to join the CAAV’s Panel of Arbitrators - the form and guidance for this very shortly available
  • seeking interest from those who would like to prepare to be an arbitrator or have other roles in dispute resolution.

A full Numbered Publication, Rural Arbitration in the United Kingdom, is to follow to sit with Means of Dispute Resolution and Mediation.
Preparing to be ready for the Bill, we are now moving to have a Panel of Arbitrators, later one of Mediators.  With the first step as the webinar on 16th July on Dispute Resolution, we are now looking at promotion and training to support this work, from utilities disputes to business contracts, which we see as ripe for members. For more details about the Dispute Resolution in the Countryside Webinar and to book, please go to the Events page on the website.

Green Homes Grant

07 July 2020

It is being widely reported in the press that tomorrow (8th July) Chancellor Rishi Sunak will announce a Green Homes Grant, which will offer grants to homeowners to improve insulation in their property. We will provide further briefing to members when full details are known.

Jeremy's Blog 2/7/2020: Planning for Recovery

03 July 2020

This article by Jeremy Moody first appeared in the CAAV e-Briefing of 2nd July 2020.

The interruption to public life and the economy created by the pandemic is now both a prompt and political cover for change in the planning system that would be more controversial in other circumstances.  The Government is beginning to set out its recovery programme, with measures to keep current development moving, to enable change and soon more detail as to how infrastructure and major change in planning will be driven. 

In a Bill taking just a day in the Commons, many English planning permissions that expiring this year are now to be extended to 1st April 2021.  Scotland has already provided for extensions.

Permitted development rights were introduced to stop the detailed planning control system created in 1947 from clogging up with minor applications (and make it more politically palatable).  In the teeth of suspicious planners, they have been much expanded – as by Class Q’s residential conversion of agricultural buildings and equivalent, more controversial rights for offices and other property. 

They are now being widened in England to allow:

  • much existing commercial property, including newly vacant shops but not pubs or village shops, to be changed to residential use
  • many types of retail premises to be converted to cafes or offices
  • the demolition of vacant and redundant residential and commercial buildings to be replaced with houses
  • more rights to add space above properties.

In aiding the re-use of existing sites for housing, these respond to this year’s acceleration of deep changes in property markets, especially for much retail and many high streets, encouraging much private investment as markets drive change that local political processes might find hard. 

The promised planning White Paper seems imminent with talk of a more fundamental move towards zoning for planning.  Measures might seek to drive land on to the market, develop more land value capture and perhaps pick up the Letwin report’s proposal for New Town type approaches to larger housing development.  Equally, the Environment Bill would require biodiversity net gain from development in England, while there may be more National Parks.   

Alongside planning, Project Speed is to accelerate the £640bn of infrastructure intended over the next five years with changes possibly more radical than the Prime Minister’s attack on “newt counting delays”.  A majority Government with four years to go and an economy to revive may have that rare moment to make changes that would otherwise not be possible.

NEW PODCAST - Unlocking Development

03 July 2020

The Prime Minister has set out his vision for investment in the economy to help the UK “build back better” after the Covid-19 pandemic. In this episode, Jeremy Moody discusses how the government is eager to unlock development through reforms to the planning system and investment in infrastructure.

Also available on AppleSpotify and Google Podcasts

Catch-up on previous episodes here

Government agrees to establish a Trade and Agriculture Commission

01 July 2020

Secretary of State for International Trade, Liz Truss, has announced that the Government will establish a Trade and Agriculture Commission to make recommendations for agricultural trade policy, higher animal welfare standards and export opportunities for UK agriculture. The announcement was made on Twitter and reported on the NFU website

Announcing our next Webinar – Dispute Resolution in the Countryside

01 July 2020

CAAV Webinar - Dispute Resolution in the Countryside

Thursday, 16th July 2020

10:15am – 11:30am

Agricultural and other business disputes need cost effective, timely and practical answers.  The courts are clogged and expect people to find other answers. 

With the Agriculture Bill, the CAAV is preparing for its President to appoint arbitrators in tenancy disputes with their considerable powers under the Arbitration Act.  That brings the work of presenting clients’ arguments or in being an expert witness  The CAAV sees this as a larger opportunity to refresh rural dispute resolution and in this webinar Jeremy Moody will provide an overview of arbitration, expert determination and mediation – with blends like med-arb – as well as providing guidance on avoiding disputes by clear thinking, good negotiation and the use of early neutral evaluation. 


The Ticket Price is £45 plus VAT (£54)


Book here:


Prime Minister's Speech on the Economy

30 June 2020

The Prime Minister has made a speech setting out an ambitious programme to drive the economy forward in the recovery from the Covid-19 pandemic. In it he pledged to tackle investment in schools and hospitals, build flood defences and plant 30,000 ha of trees per year and to invest in transport infrastructure, including a study of transport links to the four countries of the United Kingdom. The Government press release can be found on the GOV.UK website

Jeremy's Blog 25th June 2020: Business Review

26 June 2020

This article by Jeremy Moody first appeared in the CAAV e-Briefing of 25th June 2020

UK agriculture typically earns some £22 billion from food production and draws some £3 billion in subsidies with an ex-subsidy surplus of £1 to £2 billion. 

Looking more closely, of that £22 billion of farming’s commercial activity, in descending order:

  • almost 20 per cent comes from dairying with BPS equal to 6% of sales
  • almost 20 per cent from grazing livestock with BPS equal to 34% of sales
  • some 15 per cent from horticulture with almost no BPS
  • some 15 per cent from cereals with BPS equal to 22% of sales
  • almost 15 per cent from poultry with BPS with almost no BPS
  • some 13 per cent from general cropping with BPS equal to 7% of sales
  • about 6 per cent from pigs with BPS equal to 1% of sales.

Those figures, with great differences between individual farms, frame the different potential impacts of the trade negotiations underway with the EU and others.  Alongside tariffs, these concern complex and critical regulatory issues that may be more important and harder to resolve than tariffs for some sectors. Importing sectors like dairy and horticulture might benefit but the risks to sectors with significant exports are clear.

For a generation, area payments have fed into costs and protected business structures that will come under challenge as Basic Payment erodes and goes, starting in England next year.  Many of those farmers who talk of England’s proposed ELMS as a new label on the same income stream are likely to be disappointed by its timing and its lower financial margin.  When available, it may prove an opportunity for some but it will be a contract of “something for something”, involving wanting cost and change in providing public goods for public money.

With the challenge of creating a more profitable and competitive sector, we are inevitably driven back to the work of the Agricultural Productivity Task Force now meeting again.  Its report, published in February, focussed on data, knowledge exchange, innovation, skills and rural infrastructure; that last including the CAAV’s work on enabling proficient people to have access to land. 

Ultimately this is for farm level decisions.  The CAAV is supporting members’ work in helping clients understand and review their businesses.  Reviewing a Business was published in December and we are now going ahead with the deferred Business Review Conference, as a virtual event, on July 27th - details published shortly.  

Tribunals - advice and guidance during Covid-19

23 June 2020

Advice and guidance on how the Tribunals across the UK are dealing with cases during the Covid-19 restrictions is available online. This includes information for applicants on how to submit applications during the restrictions and what level of service is currently being supported. In most cases there are likely to be delays in acknowledging and handling applications while most staff are still not working in their usual offices. The use of email is encouraged rather than post.

For England and Wales, the latest guidance for the Upper Tribunal Lands Chamber and the First Tier Tribunal Property Chamber (which includes the Agricultural Land and Drainage division) is available on the Judiciary website.

The Lands Tribunal for Scotland has coronavirus information here.

For information on the Lands Tribunal of Northern Ireland, go to the Judiciary NI website.

Jeremy's Blog 18th June 2020: Towards Better Arbitration

19 June 2020


This article by Jeremy Moody first appeared in the CAAV e-Briefing of 18th June 2020

The Agriculture Bill, moving to its Committee stage in the House of Lords, means that the CAAV is working to be ready for the President’s role as a statutory appointer of arbitrators under the 1986 and 1995 Acts.  That work is also looking more broadly at all forms of dispute resolution, with a wider application than tenancies and across the United Kingdom.  The aim is a service to the rural economy that will enhance what agricultural valuers can do to achieve better answers for their clients.

From Inheritance Tax cases and direct payments to tenancy and planning issues, agricultural valuers are needed to assist clients on a path that can lead from an initial issue through negotiation to full blown dispute resolution, whether arbitration, expert determination, tribunal or court and with or without mediation.  All stages need facts assembled and analysed for effective arguments to be developed.    

This is not only about “dispute resolvers” – whether arbitrators, experts or mediators.  Much more professional work is involved in advising, acting for and representing clients throughout that path from negotiation to resolution.   Competence and confidence in that are as substantial a service as having good arbitrators. 

Many will feel their real successes were in achieving a good answer without a dispute, through careful preparation, realistic assessment and good presentation.  However, where a dispute arises, a well-prepared case with good evidence, drafted so that an independent third party has the material to be able to find for the client, is more likely to succeed.  The Charnley IHT case showed that a good argument (he was “farming the land using my animals”) backed by solid evidence, there from witnesses of fact, will count.

The expert witness is a privileged and responsible central figure in this process; privileged because evidence is normally limited to facts, not opinions, and responsible with the expert’s duty to provide professional opinion founded on skill and experience to the tribunal and the process, not the client.  

Recent cases have shone a spotlight on this role.  Better reported ones, such as Carr v Evelyn where the expert’s role was penalised with indemnity costs, highlight failure.  Others, more quietly as in Stubbins, see a CAAV Fellow tested by “rigorous” examination give “accurate” and “appropriate” assistance to the court.   We see the courts setting a professional standard for a professional job and members able to fulfil that.

CPA Webinar: Top Tips for Going to the Tribunal

12 June 2020

The Compulsory Purchase Association is holding a webinar on Top Tips for Going to the Tribunal, aimed principally at more junior professionals who may not have experienced the Tribunal themselves. The webinar takes place on 29th July 2020 and details may be found on the CPT Events website.

Clarity Needed on Scottish Energy Efficiency Regulations

11 June 2020

The CAAV has joined SLE, Scottish Association of Landlords and Historic Houses Scotland in writing to Kevin Stewart, Minister for Local Government, Housing and Planning, to ask for clarity over the new Energy Efficiency (Domestic Private Rented Property) (Scotland) Regulations. The Regulations were approved in March but were not made, as the Covid-19 pandemic took hold; it is not yet known when the Regulations will be brought into force.

The four organisations have asked:

  • That expenditure incurred now by landlords carrying out energy efficiency improvements be taken into account when the Regulations are brought into force
  • That landlords are given at least 12 months notice of when the Regulations will take effect
  • That the draft Guidance prepared by the Scottish Government is updated and published as soon as possible in order to give support to those landlords who want to prepare now for the introduction of the Regulations

For more detail on the Regulations, listen to our podcast on this subject.

NEW PODCAST on Coming out of Covid

11 June 2020

The Covid-19 pandemic and its restrictions have changed the way we live and work this spring.  Many say that life will never be quite the same again.  But what does the future look like for businesses? What changes might last? How does the economy recover? In this episode, Jeremy Moody tackles these big questions and more as we navigate our journey out of Covid.

Also available on AppleSpotify and Google Podcasts

Catch-up on previous episodes here

Northern Ireland to allow retail to re-open from 12th June

09 June 2020

Northern Ireland's Economy Minister has announced that non-essential retail premises in the province can re-open from Friday 12th June, provided that the necessary safety measures are observed for customers and staff and that there is no increase in new cases of Covid-19.

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